In recent years, the levels of people supplementing with MCT oils has absolutely exploded. More people are cooking with natural MCT oils like coconut oil, while bodybuilders and keto dieters are adding the best MCT oil supplements into their everyday diets.
MCT stands for medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) which are medium chain saturated fats that can be easily consumed by the body to create energy.
Unlike more common longer-chain fats, medium-chain triglyceride are only made up of 6-12 carbon atoms (as opposed to 13 to 21 carbons found in longer-chain fats).
The body digests fats by removing carbon atoms in the digestive system. When a fatty acid contains fewer carbon atoms it is absorbed faster, resulting in instant energy production.
The best MCT oil supplements are popular among keto dieters who promote a low carb, high fat diet. Likewise, bodybuilders commonly use MCT oil supplements pre-workout as a means of boosting athletic performance and to help burn fat.
Below we compare and review the best MCT oils on the market. Showing you the best MCT oils for weight loss, and ketosis. If you want to learn more about MCT oil, check out our ultimate guide further down this page.
Top 10 MCT Oils
- Bulletproof Brain Octane C8 MCT Oil
- Kiss My Keto C8 MCT Oil
- Performance Lab MCT Oil
- Perfect Keto C8 MCT Oil Powder
- Sports Research MCT Oil
- Nature’s Way Organic MCT Oil
- Onnit MCT Oil
- Natural Force Premium MCT Oil
- Viva Naturals Organic MCT Oil
- LevelUp Clean MCT Oil
Top 10 MCT Oils
Here at BigBlueTest.org we compare and review all of the best MCT oils in one place so that you can quickly and easily find the MCT oil that is right for you.
Whether you are a bodybuilder looking to boost energy levels and burn fat, or a keto dieter looking to supplement healthy fat intake, we show you the best MCT oils to suit your needs.
Each of the MCT oils below has been independently tested by our team of in-house nutrition experts, and contains only the high-quality ingredients.
1. Bulletproof Brain Octane C8 MCT Oil
Best All Round MCT Oil
Leading the pack in our list of the best MCT oils is Bulletproof Brain Octane. This awesome MCT oil is packed full of mega health benefits that suits anyone following the keto diet, paleo diet, or looking for a bodybuilding supplement.
Bulletproof Brain Octane C8 MCT Oil 14g of Caprylic Acid Triglyceride per serving (equal to 130 calories) and helps to boost energy levels, sharpen cognitive performance, cut cravings, and burn fat.
Bulletproof Brain Octane C8 MCT Oil is derived from coconut oil, and it is harvested from the most ketogenic part of the coconut. It helps to supercharge your brain, through increased ketone production, and is easily digested leading to instant energy production.
The great thing about Bulletproof Brain Octane C8 MCT Oil is that is can be added to your morning bulletproof coffee, protein shake, smoothie, or used as a salad dressing.
Bulletproof Brain Octane C8 MCT Oil is a pure C8 oil rather than a C8/C10 blend, which means it delivers a pure and clean energy burst like none other.
- Pure C8 MCT oil derived from coconuts
- Increases brain power, metabolic rate, and burns fat
- Helps to cut cravings
- Can be taken alone, with a morning coffee, smoothie, protein shake or used as a salad dressing
2. Kiss My Keto C8 MCT Oil
Best For Keto Diet
Next on our list of the best MCT oils is Kiss My Keto’s C8 MCT Oil.
Available as a pure C8 MCT oil, or as a C8/C10 blend, Kiss My Keto is a brilliant MCT oil for those following the keto diet. It contains 15g of Caprylic Acid per serving (equal to 130 calories) and promotes all of the same health benefits as Bulletproofs C8 blend.
Kiss My Keto C8 MCT Oil is a clean and instant energy source which keeps the body in a state of ketosis. It is rapidly absorbed by the liver and is converted into ketones which continue to place the body in a ketogenic state.
Like all good MCT oils, Kiss My Keto C8 MCT Oil is good for brain health, balancing blood sugar levels, and promoting overall weight loss. It also maintains sharp mental focus.
If you want to try the wider blend of macros, opt for the C8/C10 blend which includes 60% C8 (Caprylic Acid) and 40% C10 (Capric Acid).
- Choose between pure C8 oil derived from organic coconuts, or opt for C8/C10 blend
- Beat cravings, boost energy levels, sharpen focus and promote fat loss
- Can be taken morning, lunch or dinner and a pre or post-workout supplement
3. Performance Lab MCT Oil
Best C8/C10 MCT Oil Blend
Performance Lab MCT Oil is another great option for keto dieters and bodybuilders looking for the best clean post-workout recovery supplement.
Performance Lab MCT oil is a C8/C10 blend that contains 7.1g of Caprylic Acid and 5.1g Capric Acid. The total saturated fat content in this MCT oil is 14g, and it also contains 130 calories per serving.
Just like the Kiss My Keto MCT blend, Performance Lab MCT oil provides the body with a potent mix of C8’s and C10’s derived from organic coconuts. This helps you to control your appetite, boost brain function, and instantly boost energy levels.
Performance Lab MCT oil is made from organically sourced non-GMO coconuts and cold-extracted with hexane-free technology to deliver the ultimate purity.
It can be taken as a pre-workout supplement 30 minutes before exercise, or as part of a keto diet on an ongoing basis.
- Designed for performance promoting mind-body vitality, ketogenic fat loss, and fast-acting fuel for mind and body
- Demolish cravings, improve mental focus, and serve the body with more energy
- Flavor neutral formula (flavorless) that can be easily added to morning coffee, smoothies, salads and more
4. Perfect Keto C8 MCT Oil Powder
Best MCT Oil Powder + Best MCT Oil For Weight Loss
Unlike other MCT oil supplements on our best MCT oil list, Perfect Keto C8 MCT Oil comes in a powder format.
Perfect Keto C8 MCT Oil Powder contains 7g of Caprylic Acid and is a pure C8 MCT oil supplement. Lower in calories (70 calories per serving) than other MCT oils this is the perfect MCT supplement for those looking to restrict calories or take as part of a shake pre-workout.
Perfect Keto C8 MCT Oil comes in a range of great flavors, like vanilla, chocolate, and salted caramel (including flavorless). It can be taken as a meal replacement, bodybuilding pre-workout supplement, or to support a well-rounded keto diet.
- Powder format is convenient for those looking to take as a pre-workout supplement or a meal replacement shake
- Boost brain, muscle and tissue energy and will not kick you out of a ketogenic state
- Easily absorbed by the body and comes in a range of great flavors
5. Sports Research MCT Oil
Best MCT Oil For Athletic Performance (C8/C10/C12 blend)
Next on our list of the best MCT oils is Sports Research MCT Oil. Sports Research MCT Oil is a non-GMO alternative to traditional coconut oils that includes a range of medium-chain triglycerides.
Sports Research MCT Oil contains 5g of Caprylic Acid (C8), 4g of Capric Acid (C10), and 4g of Lauric Acid (C12) per serving, which amounts to 130 calories per serving and 14g of saturated fats.
Sports Research MCT Oil supports the brain and body with a clean hit of energy that improves cognitive function, athletic performance, and helps to beat cravings. It is also keto friendly and suitable for those leading a low carbohydrate diet.
- Contains C8, C10 & C12 MCT’s
- Works great as a pre-workout supplement and is keto friendly
- Supports improved mental and physical energy levels
6. Nature’s Way Organic MCT Oil
Best Budget MCT Oil
If you are working on a budget, the Nature’s Way Organic MCT Oil is another great option.
Nature’s Way Organic MCT Oil contains 14g of saturated fats, and is made up of 7.7g of Caprylic Acid (C8), and 5g of Capric Acid (C10). Compromising a very similar blend to other MCT oils on our best MCT oil list.
Nature’s Way Organic MCT Oil is non-GMO verified and is a pure source of MCT, derived from coconuts, as opposed to palm oil or filler oils.
Like other MCT oils, Nature’s Way Organic MCT Oil can be added to smoothies, morning coffee, shakes, and can also be used as a salad dressing.
If you are looking for a cheap organic MCT oil, this is a great option.
- Organic blend of C8’s and C10’s derived from pure sources
- Non-GMO certified, 100% potency, zero fillers
- Delivers natural mental and physical energy source
- Keto friendly, paleo friendly, dairy free, gluten free
7. Onnit MCT Oil
MCT Oil Runner Up For Athletic Performance
Next on our list of the best MCT Oils is another brilliant MCT Oil for athletic performance. It contains a blend of C8, C10, and C12, and will fuel your mind and body with fast acting energy to fuel your workouts.
Onnit MCT Oil contains 5.2g of Caprylic Acid (C8), 3.8g Lauric Acid (C12), and 3.4g of Capric Acid (C10). This potent blend of medium-chain triglyceride oils is derived from organic coconuts and is 100% natural and non-GMO.
It can be taken with your morning coffee, or a pre-workout supplement that will deliver fast absorbed energy from fats.
- Contains C8, C10 & C12 MCT’s
- Boosts mental and physical energy levels
- Take with morning cup of coffee or mix in with pre-workout formula
8. Natural Force Premium MCT Oil
Best Budget MCT Oil For Athletic Performance
Like the Onnit and Sports Research MCT Oils, Natural Force Premium MCT Oil is another potent blend of C8s, C10s, and C12s.
Natural Force Premium MCT Oil contains 5.2g of Caprylic Acid (C8), 3.4g of Capric Acid (C10), and 3.8g Lauric Acid (C12). Making it an identical blend to Onnit MCT oil.
This MCT oil is derived from 100% natural, non-GMO coconuts grown in Sri Lanka and The Philippines.
Like other top MCT oils, Natural Force Premium MCT Oil promotes healthy energy production from fats, and assists in moving the body into a state of ketosis.
If you are looking for a brilliant MCT oil that contains each of the MCT fats, then this is a great option on a budget.
- Contains C8, C10 & C12 MCT’s
- Promotes healthy energy production and promotes ketosis
- Take with morning cup of coffee or mix in with pre-workout formula
9. Viva Naturals Organic MCT Oil
Best MCT Blend With Low C12 Levels
Next on our list of the best MCT oils is Viva Naturals Organic MCT Oil. Viva Naturals Organic MCT Oil contains C8, C10, and C12, but with a much smaller dosage of C12 compared to other medium chain triglyceride oils.
Viva Naturals Organic MCT Oil contains contains 7.3g of Caprylic Acid (C8), 5g of Capric Acid (C10), and 0.7g Lauric Acid (C12). As you can see, the blend of this MCT is geared towards C8s, and C10s, rather than C12s, but it is not completely excluded.
If you are looking for an MCT oil that contains each of the medium chain triglycerides, but with a greater focus on Caprylic Acid then this MCT oil is for you. It is non-GMO, derived from organic coconuts and helps to promote energy levels, athletic performance, and fat burning potential.
Viva Naturals Organic MCT Oil is neutral in flavor (unflavored), and can be added to smoothies, morning coffee, shakes, and is commonly used as a salad dressing.
- Contains high blend of Caprylic Acid, and Capric Acid, low dose of Lauric Acid
- Boosts energy levels, athletic performance and metabolic rate
- Beast cravings, burn fat, and fire up your morning coffee
10. LevelUp Clean MCT Oil
Best MCT Oil Newcomer
The final MCT oil on our list of the best MCT oils is LevelUp’s Clean MCT Oil. LevelUp Clean MCT Oil is a newer supplement to market and has the same profile as Bulletproof and Kiss Me Keto’s MCT oils.
LevelUp Clean MCT Oil is 100% pure C8 (Caprylic Acid supplements, containing 14g of MCTs per serving (equal to 130 calories). It contains zero additives, fillers and is Hexane-free.
It supports healthy gut health, boost immunity, and converts to ketones for smooth energy release throughout the day. LevelUp Clean MCT Oil is also lactose free, dairy free, gluten free, and suitable for those following the keto diet and paleo diets.
If you want to try another pure C8 oil, that isn’t Bulletproof or Kiss Me Keto, LevelUp Clean MCT Oil is a great option.
- Smooth energy release, converting to ketones instantly
- Boosts gut health, immunity and metabolism for healthy fat loss
- 100% pure C8 oil that is lactose free, gluten free, dairy free and suitable for keto diet and paleo diet
- Add to your morning coffee to create a bulletproof coffee for your immune system
MCT Oils Buying Guide
Now that we have completed our review of the top 10 best MCT Oils online, let’s now turn out attention to our MCT oil buying guide.
Our ultimate guide to the best MCT oil walks you through everything you need to know about MCT oil before you make your next purchase.
That includes what is it, how it works, and how it promoted ketosis. We also walk you through the benefits of MCT oil, as well as the potential side effects and our top tips.
If you are into bodybuilding and looking to supplement with MCT oil, or you follow a keto diet (or low carbohydrate diet), MCT oil can be an important weapon in your armoury.
What Are MCT Oils?
MCT oils are formally known as Medium Chain Triglycerides (type of chain fatty acids) and are a beneficial fatty acid that takes minimal effort for the liver to convert into ketones.
Ketones are one of the brains primary sources of fuel, alongside glucose, and are also a vital source of ATP energy for your entire body.
MCT Oils contain either individual strains of MCT or a complete blend of all three medium chain triglycerides, which are Caprylic Acid, Capric Acid, and Lauric Acid.
These MCT fatty acids contain fewer carbon atoms than more common long chain triglycerides. This makes them an ideal energy source for anyone focusing on a high fat diet.
As outlined in our best keto supplement guide, we ran through the keto diet in detail, and how you can move your body into a ketogenic state.
What Is More Effective? Caprylic Acid, Capric Acid or Lauric Acid?
While each of the three MCTs found in MCT oil are more effective than LCTs in being digested and converted into ketones in the body, Caprylic Acid (C8) has been shown to be the most effective.
In a study by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, it was shown that Caprylic Acid was 3x more effective at forming ketones than Capric Acid, and 6x more effective than Lauric Acid (2).
It stands to reason that taking a well balanced MCT oil will help promote ketosis, producing an energy boost and accelerated fat loss. But to get the cleanest and fastest energy hit, take pure C8 MCT oil.
How Do MCT Oils Work?
The primary reason for taking MCT oil is to promote ketosis.
Ketosis occurs when pancreatic enzymes in the liver digest and convert medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) into ketones to work as a fuel source for the brain and body.
The process of moving to a ketogenic diet involves shifting your body from using glucose to ketones as your main source of energy. This helps to accelerate fat loss, as your body is effectively using body fat instead of carbohydrates to fuel you through your day.
But that isn’t where the benefit of taking MCT oil ends.
MCT oil promotes the metabolism of key nutrients in the body, helping to produce increase ketone levels. In turn, you will feel better equipped for athletic performance, you will burn fat faster, and you will find your body recovers quicker from heavy workouts.
MCT Oil vs Coconut Oil
Many people confuse coconut oil and MCT oil as the same thing. However, this is a mistake.
Coconut oil is one of the richest sources of MCT out there, but on top of containing MCTs, coconut oil also contains 44% worth of other saturated fats (3).
This includes higher levels of lauric acid, (which absorbs slower than other MCTs). Coconut oil also contains some LCTs which are not found in pure MCT oils.
If you want the purest form of MCT, then you need to take a 100% pure source of C8 caprylic acid as this is the easiest MCT for the liver to digest and convert to ketones.
While there is nothing wrong with coconut oil, it cannot be compared to MCT oil as a pure ketone promoter.
Avoiding Additives, Fillers, Hexane
Some forms of MCT oil are produced used chemical processes involving hexane. Typically these MCT oil supplements use lower quality sources of MCT through olive oil, palm kernel oil and others.
We have picked out top 10 best MCT oils from those using 100% natural ingredients. This means they are derived from USDA approved, non-GMO organic coconuts, and are hexane-free caproic acid-free, solvent-free, and free from additives, softgels, and fillers.
Benefits Of MCT Oil
There are tonnes of benefits associated with taking MCT oil. This is because MCT oil is cloesly associated with the keto diet, which is also shown to have wider ranging benefits on overall health.
Let’s take a look at some of the biggest scientifically prove, standalone benefits of supplements with MCT oil
While taking MCT oil alone won’t help you burn fat, if used as part of a well-rounded diet, it can definitely help you to lose weight.
MCT oil was shown in research studies to promote the release of two hormones; peptide YY and leptin – which help to suppress appetite (4).
Those who took MCT oil vs coconut oil were shown to eat fewer calories throughout the day, leading to calorie deficit.
What’s more, if used alongside a low carb diet, MCT oil can help to onset ketosis. This process involves the body using fats as energy instead of carbohydrates.
Pushing the body into a ketogenic state over a sustained period is shown to promote fat loss.
Boost Energy Levels
MCT oil is a great fast energy booster as the carbon atom chains in MCTs are shorter than those found in LCTs. That means that the enzymes in the liver can convert MCTs into ketones for energy faster than any other fatty acids (5).
If you are looking to boost energy in the morning, or pre-workout then add MCT to your morning coffee to create the ultimate bulletproof coffee.
Reduce Lactate Build Up
While less conclusive, MCT oil has also been shown to reduce lactate acid build up and storage in muscles. As a result, athletes and bodybuilders were able to train harder for longer (6).
Fight Alzheimers, Epilepsy & Manage Autism
While many associate the ketogenic diet with weight loss, it was first created as a means of controlling epilepsy. This is because research suggests ketone production plays an important role in controlling and regulating epileptic symptoms.
Likewise, Alzheimer’s Disease impairs the brains ability to use sugar. Ketones are an alternative energy source that brain cells can use to survive for longer. While MCT is not a bulletproof strategy from combatting the signs and symptoms of Alzheimers, it can help (7).
Finally, studies have shown that autistic children behaved much better when following a ketogenic diet vs a diet high in carbohydrates. This means adding MCT oil to your children’s diet, to boost the ketogenic process could be a good option.
Fatty Acids Boost The Immune System
The best MCT oils have been shown to have antimicrobial and antifungal effects.
In various research studies, MCT oil has been shown to reduce the growth of Candida Albicans by 25%, which is the common yeast that causes thrush and other skin infections (8).
Likewise, supplementing with coconut oil also reduced the growth of Clostridium difficile, which is a disease causing bacteria.
Reduce Heart Disease
Some of the ancillary benefits of following a keto diet, and supplementing with MCT oil include health benefits that reduce heart disease (9).
When your maintain health weight loss, you naturally reduce blood pressure, reduce blood sugar levels, high cholesterol levels, inflammation in the body, and more.
These factors help to reduce the risk of heart disease and maintain a healthy cardiovascular system.
MCT Oil Side Effects
When taken orally, there are not very many side effects that you should be wary of (if any). On the whole, MCT oil is seen as a safe and healthy dietary option.
With that said, too much of anything can cause unwanted side effects. Some people state that taking too much MCT oil leads to an upset stomach, including nausea, diarrhea, stomach cramps, and intestinal gas (10).
If you feel that MCT oil is contributing to any of these unwanted side effects, make sure you check your current dosage levels and reduce make to normal levels as outlined by the best MCT oil supplements.
Natural MCT Oils & Foods Containing MCT Oil
If you are looking for foods that you can add to your diet naturally to increase your MCT intake, then here are a couple of good options.
As you’ll see, most foods only contain a low percentage of MCT in their makeup. To benefit from pure MCT intake (and particularly pure Caprylic Acid) you need to take pure MCT oil.
Foods Containing MCT Oil
- Coconut Oil – 15%
- Palm Kernel Oil – 7.9%
- Cheese – 7.3%
- Butter – 6.8%
- Milk – 6.9%
- Yoghurt – 6.6.%
Who Should Use MCT Oils?
Anyone looking to increase energy production through ketones should supplement with MCT oil. We’d also advise that those following a healthy diet should take MCT oil as a way of fuelling your day with a healthy and sustained energy source.
But here are a couple of groups that would certainly benefit from MTC Oil supplements.
- Keto Diet / Paleo Diet / Low Carb Diet – if you are following the keto diet, paleo diet or low carb diets like the Atkins diet, then you need to fuel your body with ketones. That is because you will naturally intake less carbs which are converted in the body to glucose. MCT oil is a great way to boost active energy in the body, and it also plays an important role in firing up the metabolism
- Athletes & Bodybuilders – athletes looking to boost athletic performance can benefit from MCT oil. Firstly, MCT oil is a great energy source that can be used to give you a more vibrant workout. On top of this, it has been shown to boost fat loss, aid with post-workout recovery, and reduce lactic acid buildup in muscles. To get the most out of your workouts, follow our MCT oil top tips
Our MCT Oil Top Tips
Below we list out top tips on MCT oil supplements. Whenever you buy the best MCT oils, taking them at the right time can aid your performance and help you feel more energized.
- Breakfast – if you start your day with a morning coffee, or a smoothie, why not add a teaspoon of MCT oil to help supplement your MCT intake first thing in the morning? MCT boosts energy and mental sharpness, which will ensure you get your day off to the best start
- Pre-workout – if you want to tailor your MCT oil supplements to boost workout performance then take MCT oil 30 minutes before you workout. MCT helps to reduce lactic acid buildup, and also provides an instant and active energy source by converting MCT into ketones in your blood. This means more energy and less cramps in the gym
- Post-workout – if you skip your pre-workout supplement, then add MCT oil to your post-workout shake. MCT oil will help flush your muscles of lactic acid, and aid you in post-workout recovery
- Snacking and main meals – MCT oil can also be added to your snack and main evening meal either as a salad dressing, or as a healthy oil. Some keto influencers even talk about making keto fat bombs that can be taken as a way to intake MCT oil throughout the day. MCT oil can also be drizzled on pastas, rice and other main dinners to increase your MCT oil intake naturally
MCT Oil Bottom Line
We have now extensively covered everything there is to know about MCT oil. This Includes our list of the top 10 best MCT oil supplements, what MCT oil is, and how it can help you achieve your health and fitness goals.
Whenever you are buying the best MCT oils, always consider what type of MCT blend you want before you buy. Some MCT oils contains 100% pure C8 (Caprylic Acid), while others contain Capric Acid (C10) and Lauric Acid (C12).
Ultimately, each fatty acid converts to ketones in your bloodstream, but the speed in which your liver digests and converts MTCs is the major factor. And something you should consider when picking your MCT oil supplement.
If you’d like to learn more about keto supplements, or any other health and fitness supplements, then check out BigBlueTest.org to learn everything there is to know about the best supplements online.
- Rial SA, Karelis AD, Bergeron KF, Mounier C. Gut Microbiota and Metabolic Health: The Potential Beneficial Effects of a Medium Chain Triglyceride Diet in Obese Individuals. Nutrients. 2016;8(5):281. Published 2016 May 12. doi:10.3390/nu8050281
- Thomas DD, Stockman MC, Yu L, et al. Effects of medium chain triglycerides supplementation on insulin sensitivity and beta cell function: A feasibility study. PLoS One. 2019;14(12):e0226200. Published 2019 Dec 23. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0226200
- Norgren J, Sindi S, Sandebring-Matton A, et al. Ketosis After Intake of Coconut Oil and Caprylic Acid-With and Without Glucose: A Cross-Over Study in Healthy Older Adults. Front Nutr. 2020;7:40. Published 2020 Apr 15. doi:10.3389/fnut.2020.00040
- St-Onge MP, Bosarge A, Goree LL, Darnell B. Medium chain triglyceride oil consumption as part of a weight loss diet does not lead to an adverse metabolic profile when compared to olive oil. J Am Coll Nutr. 2008;27(5):547-552. doi:10.1080/07315724.2008.10719737
- Montgomery MK, Osborne B, Brown SH, et al. Contrasting metabolic effects of medium- versus long-chain fatty acids in skeletal muscle. J Lipid Res. 2013;54(12):3322-3333. doi:10.1194/jlr.M040451
- Hommelberg PP, Plat J, Langen RC, Schols AM, Mensink RP. Fatty acid-induced NF-kappaB activation and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle are chain length dependent. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2009;296(1):E114-E120. doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00436.2007
- Cunnane SC, Courchesne-Loyer A, St-Pierre V, et al. Can ketones compensate for deteriorating brain glucose uptake during aging? Implications for the risk and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2016;1367(1):12-20. doi:10.1111/nyas.12999
- Alvarez-Curto E, Milligan G. Metabolism meets immunity: The role of free fatty acid receptors in the immune system. Biochem Pharmacol. 2016;114:3-13. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2016.03.017
- Siscovick DS, Barringer TA, Fretts AM, et al. Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (Fish Oil) Supplementation and the Prevention of Clinical Cardiovascular Disease: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2017;135(15):e867-e884. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000482
- Calder PC. Functional Roles of Fatty Acids and Their Effects on Human Health. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015;39(1 Suppl):18S-32S. doi:10.1177/0148607115595980